Fleas and ticks are out for blood! These pesky parasites live on an animal’s skin and can cause a wide range of skin diseases. They may even cause systemic (whole-body) illnesses by transmitting worms, protozoa, and bacteria to your pet’s vital organs, leading to chronic to acute disease that can kill your beloved furry family member.
But fortunately, flea and tick problems can be treated—and future outbreaks can be prevented—with the proper measures. First, it’s useful to understand how fleas and ticks make their way into your yard, into your home, and onto your pet.
Once a flea finds a home on a dog, it makes itself comfortable, feeds, and then lays up to several hundred eggs over the course of a few days. And that’s one lone flea—ten adult females can produce nearly 10,000 flea eggs in just 30 days! Egg larvae can be found in the grass and soil of your yard; from there, they make their way indoors on your dog, falling off onto carpet and furniture. The eggs then lie dormant for weeks before they emerge as adults. The flea life cycle is long, with the average life span of an adult flea being 113 days.
Ticks are spider-like parasites that hide in grassy/forested areas and leap onto dogs or cats as they walk by. A tick will bury its head beneath your pet’s skin, often around the ears and neck, where it feeds off of blood. Adult ticks can remain dormant for months and then lay thousands of eggs.
Besides the irritation, various tick species transmit several devastating diseases that affect both dogs and people, including Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Some dogs are even allergic to tick saliva, which may compound the danger to your pet’s health. Knowing how to remove a tick from a cat or dog is important for pet owners to learn.
Overall, the best course of action is to treat your pet and the environment before an infestation takes hold in the first place.
Because of their resilience, the most effective approach to a flea or tick problem is to treat your pet, your home, and your yard to eliminate the pests themselves—as well as their eggs and larvae—wherever they may be hiding. Overall, the best course of action is to treat your pet and the environment before an infestation takes hold in the first place.
1. Treat your Pet
To prevent pests from gaining a foothold on your dog or cat, use Adams™ Flea & Tick Spot On® topical treatments with an insect growth regulator (IGR) designed to kill flea eggs and their larvae for up to 30 days. Adams™ Spot On® topical treatments disrupt the flea’s growth cycle by preventing these pests from maturing into biting, breeding adults. (Note: Because topical treatments are spread through oils in your pet’s skin, it’s important to allow at least two to three days between applying Spot On® topical treatment and shampooing your dog or cat.)
Adams™ Flea & Tick Collars also work hard to provide your pet lasting protection from fleas and ticks. Complete with an IGR, Adams™ Flea & Tick Collars contain active ingredients that are distributed through the coat along with the oils on your pet’s skin.
Treat an immediate problem with an Adams™ Flea & Tick Cleansing Shampoo which contains soothing aloe vera and lanolin to condition the coat and alleviate itching. This product not only kills fleas, flea eggs, and ticks but also cleans and deodorizes your pet, eliminating the need for an additional cleansing shampoo.
2. Treat your Home
To prevent fleas and ticks from plaguing your pet, you must also treat their (and your) environment at the same time—both indoors and outdoors—to kill fleas and attack the eggs and larvae wherever they are hiding.
Before treating the inside of your home, first wash your pet’s bedding and thoroughly vacuum your home with a heavy-duty vacuum cleaner. Vacuum carpets, floors, and all upholstery. If possible, have your carpets professionally cleaned. The beating brushes in a quality vacuum can remove one-quarter of the flea larvae and over half of the flea eggs. Vacuuming is also a physical disturbance, so it stimulates fleas to leave their cocoons.
After cleaning, take the vacuum outside, remove the bag, and discard it. It may take several days’ vacuuming to remove all the flea eggs.
After you’ve done this, apply Adams™ Flea & Tick Indoor Fogger or Pump Home Spray, both of which reach fleas on large areas of carpeting and other material surfaces. For a more targeted approach, Adams™ Carpet Powder and Carpet Spray kill fleas, flea larvae, and ticks on a variety of surfaces. Or choose a combination of the two products, using the fogger and carpet treatments to help ensure complete coverage of household surfaces where flea eggs and larvae may be lurking.
3. Treat your Yard
Don’t forget to treat your yard, too, or you’ll miss an important step in your flea- and tick-killing program. This area is especially susceptible to infestation because wildlife and even your neighbors’ pets can shed ticks, fleas, and flea eggs right in your own backyard.
Mow the grass first, and collect and discard the clippings. Then simply attach Adams™ Yard Spray to the end of your garden hose and spray those areas to which your pet has access. This easy-to-use spray covers up to 6,000 square feet and is labeled for use on most outdoor surfaces, including your lawn, under and around trees, shrubs, and flowers.